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 The History Of Blackjack
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If there is one casino game with a history that is widely debated worldwide that will be blackjack. Some people say that blackjack was played long before Jesus was born. Some people also say that blackjack was invented 600 years ago after the invention of the playing card. While this is the case, blackjack continues to evolve over the years and often than not, the new versions are always better than its predecessor in terms of odds.

In Europe, it was believed that blackjack was created during 700 B.C. at the time when the Roman occupied the continent. Blackjack was played differently because it was not until 1440 that the use of cards was introduced. Some Romans strongly argue that blackjack was played using wooden block with each block having a numerical value. If this can be proven true, this means that blackjack was played at its simplest form before the cards were invented. This is more so because gambling was already ripe during the Roman Empire wherein Romans gamble anything not just their jewelries and other treasures like animals but also their wives.

After many centuries, blackjack was played in the way that we know now. The modern history of blackjack could be traced since the 15th century in two countries: Italy or France. John Guttenberg invented the playing cards in 1440 in the time when the games involved the process of counting totals like how blackjack is played today.

There were games that are fundamentally the same with playing blackjack. One such game is the baccarat which was invented in Italy in 1493. Yet another game was called ‘1 & 30’ which is of Spanish origin. However, neither of these games can be considered as the original blackjack game because of some important variations.

Stronger evidence on the origin of blackjack can be traced in 18th century France. The French aristocrats used to play ‘21’, a game that is basically played in rounds where the players are attempting to get a total card value of 21. However, when the dealer was able to achieve the score of 21 first, other players would have to pay the dealer on a 3-1 ratio. Evidently, this is known today as the house edge.

This game spread in the US in the year 1875. It was not until 1910 that ‘21’ was played in gambling halls. The game was not able to draw a sizable amount of players despite the fact that gaming halls had created new systems of payouts which include bonuses for specific hands. The game became blackjack when these gaming halls offered bonuses for those players who were able to land the hand consisting of ace of spades and jack of spades or clubs. While the bonus didn’t thrive, the name blackjack was retained.

Blackjack became so popular in the 1930s. In fact, it was considered as the number one casino game in Las Vegas during those times. Blackjack continues to be popular especially among the high rollers who are willing to spend millions of dollars in playing the game in major casinos in the US.






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