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 The History Of Roulette
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Roulette is considered one of the simplest casino games, if not the simplest. Roulette is actually among the favorites of casino gamers offline and online. Roulette is addictive as well due to the prizes that the players were able to win though winning is depends on chance. This is the same reason why roulette is also called the Game of Chance. Roulette, which is a French word, literally means ‘small wheel’. Roulette is called as such because of the way this casino game is played. You have to spin the wheel for the ball to start rolling in opposite direction. When the wheel stops spinning and the ball stops rolling, the winner can now be identified.

The first roulette was actually devised in the 18th century. However, a primitive roulette form was already in existence in the 17th century. This was created by Blaise Pascal when he was searching for perpetual motion machine. The roulette that we see today was a fusion of different board games in England, Italy and France. This was played earlier in Paris in the year 1796. A book published in 1801 entitled La Roulette, ou le Jour, which was written by Jaques Lablee, simply described the game as having house pockets and with two betting spaces that contain two numbers, double zero and zero. Actually, the wheel used in roulette played in Paris had red in the single zero slot and black for the double zero slot. The color green was chosen for zeros in the 1800s. 

In 1843, Frenchmen Louis and Francois Blanc introduced roulette with single zero in the casino town in Homburg, Germany. The goal was competing against other casinos that offer the traditional roulette, that is, with double zero. This was now known as the European version of roulette. There was yet another version which is the American version. In 1886, Americans played roulette with numbers one to twenty eight in addition to a single and a double zero. However, there was yet another house pocket – the American eagle. This was the symbol of American liberty but the goal of adding another slot was to increase the edge of the house. Because it fell short of social acceptance, this eventually vanished. Today, there we only less than ten eagled roulette, most of which are selling by more than hundred thousand dollars.

In the 19th century, roulette was slowly spreading across Europe and US until it became the most popular casino game ever. In 1860s, gambling was abolished in Germany, requiring the Blanc family to move into another place where casino gaming remained legal. This was in Monte Carlo where a gambling mecca was built for the who’s who in Europe. The single zero roulette became the most prominent casino game in this part of the world, spreading in the rest of the world aside from the US where it was not able to topple the dominance of double zero roulette. Because of the prominence of roulette in every casino during that time, it was called as the ‘King of Casino Games’.






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